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Sleep Apnea
a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. Central Sleep Apnea: Occurs when the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to the breathing muscles to init
Apnea
An absence of breathing (respirations). See also Pathological Apnea, Central Apnea, Obstructive Apnea, Mixed Apnea.
A/HI - Apnea-hypopnea Index
The number of apneic episodes (obstructive, central, and mixed) plus hypopneas per hour of sleep; Synonymous with respiratory disturbance index
AOI - Apnea of Infancy
An unexplained episode of cessation of breathing for 20 seconds or longer, or a shorter respiratory pause associated with bradycardia, cyanosis, pallor, and/or hypotonia; AOI refers to infants who are
AOP - Apnea of Prematurity
Periodic breathing with pathologic apnea in a premature infant; AOP usually ceases by 37 weeks gestation, but occasionally persists to several weeks past term
Bi-Level
Bi-Level system makes breathing easier and more natural for adult patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) who are having difficulty complying with continuous positive airway pressure therapy.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
One of the most common sleep disorders is sleep apnea - a disorder that causes a person's airway to close several times during one night's sleep. For those with sleep apnea, relief usually comes with
Apnea Index
The number of apneic episodes (obstructive, central, and mixed) per hour of sleep
Central Apnea
No respiratory effort, caused when the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to the breathing muscles to initiate respirations
Hypercapnea
Excessively deep or prolonged sleep period; Symptom is described as excess sleepiness
CPAP - Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Medical device that delivers a steady, gentle flow of air delivered through a soft, pliable nasal mask worn over the nose; Used to 'splint' open a person's airway during sleep; CPAP is the most effect
Cyanosis
Bluish coloration of the skin caused by deficient oxygenation of the blood
ALTE - Apparent Life Threatening Event
An episode that is frightening to the observer and that is characterized by some combination of apnea, color change, marked change in muscle tone, choking or gagging
BiPAP
Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure; Used to treat sleep apnea, and other sleep related breathing disorders; Delivers alternating levels of inspiratory pressure (IPAP), or higher pressure, to keep the a