How to assemble a Hospital Bed
Basic directions for assembling a hospital bed

Typical Hospital Bed Assembly:

Most brand/model hospital beds assemble in the same manner and can be done in a matter of minutes. Both Full-electric, semi-electric and manual hospital beds assemble the same way. There are slight variations depending on model/year. Example, newer full-electric hospital beds may have one single motor instead of three separate motors.

Spring section

The foot-spring and head-spring sections latch together in the center. This is best achieved by setting these sections on their side approximately 90° from each other as in the figure below:


Hook the bottom head spring center mounting latch to the bottom foot spring center mounting rivet. This is easier to do if the beds are on their sides.

After the 2 halves are attached to each other you can straighten out the bed base and lay it flat on the floor. You are now ready to connect the individual spring link sections together.

Spring-Link sections

Take a look at the spring section and you will see all the spring-links that connect the two sides together to give one complete surface for the mattress. Lift the head spring away from the bed frame to give slack to the links. Connect the spring links together with the links provided:


Head Section Pull Tube

If the bed is new, you will find the Pull-Tube connected to the side frame for shipping purposes. To disconnect the head pull tube assembly from the side frame of the foot spring remove the hitch pin, grommet/washer from the clevis pin. Extend the inner pull tube shaft manually until the spring button "clicks" into the adjustment hole of the outer pull tube. Connect the pull tube end assembly to the lift arm of the head spring as follows:

  • Insert the clevis pin into the lift arm slot
  • Replace the grommet/washer
  • Secure with hitch pin
  • see below for details


Head and Footboards

Install the head/footboard caster wheels before attaching the spring base to the head/footboards. If you have 2 locking casters and 2 without locks, install the locking casters diagonally opposite from one another. The head and footboard pieces may be referred to as universal bed ends and depending on the brand and model of your hospital bed, the headboard may be the same as the footboard, but not always.


Assembling Bed ends

Head and Foot Boards have a (receiver) gear that bed-ends attach to.

  • Stand one bed end as close to the head spring section as possible.
  • Grasp the head spring section, by the side, and raise it until the rivets on the corner plates of the spring section are high enough to place into the corner locks on the bed end.

  • Tilt the bed end toward the head spring section and place the rivets into the corner locks.

  • Return the universal bed end to its full upright position. The head spring rivets will lock into place

  • Repeat the same procedure for other bed end.

Notice at the foot-end of the bed, the footboard has a place in the center where the drive motor engages directly into the footboard. This must be completed so that the drive rod coming from the motor matches up with the footboard. You will also notice that this drive rod is spring-loaded so it can be compressed and released into the footboard.


Drive Shaft

This drive-shaft is what raises/lowers the entire bed. At the headboard there is a "T" device where the rod connects. at the foot-end, the rod attaches directly to the "T" shaft coming out of the motor. This drive-rod is spring loaded and must be slightly compressed and released to secure to the end "T" points. So the drive rod runs from the headboard directly to the drive motor.

  • Remove and discard the plastic caps from each end of the drive shaft
  • Press spring button on the inner shaft and insert the inner shaft into the outer shaft
  • Engage the spring button into the proper positioning hole
  • Attach the inner shaft to the bottom gear box output shaft on the head end of the bed
  • Push in on the spring loaded end of the drive shaft and attach to the foot end of the bed

  • Ensure the Hi/Lo motor output shaft spring‐loaded coupler is properly aligned with the foot end gear box


Motor Setup

Some of the newer-design hospital beds use a snap-in motor design. If your bed uses the snap-in design, align the motor with the cams on the bed frame. Consult bed's user manual for recommended placement. The motor is marked with HEAD and FOOT at the snaps. Lay the bed frame over on one side to install the motor. The image below satisfies most of the snap-in style beds:

Snap-In Motor Design



Hospital Bed AssemblyTesting

Plug-in the bed and try each individual control button on the hand pendant. If one of the functions is not working properly, troubleshooting is straightforward. The foot-end raise/lower function is usually the least troublesome since it is already pre-assembled. The head-end raise/lower function will perform properly if the "pull-tube" (above) is connected properly. The bed hi/low function is usually where self-installers have a problem since the drive shaft/rod must connect properly into the footboard. If the Bed won't raise/lower correctly, check the drive rod connections and make sure the "T" shafts are locked into the rod and not just free-spinning. If the head end of the bed is raising/lowering, but the foot end is not, you will need to inspect the connection between the drive motor rod and the footboard of the bed.



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